June 17, 2018

Fat Soluble Vitamins

Fat Soluble Vitamins Your guide to Fat Soluble Vitamins Vitamin A What is it and why do you need it? Vitamin A is needed for reproduction and development. It is also needed for healthy eyes, skin and hair. It is also important for a healthy immune system. Vitamin A comes in two forms preformed vitamin a (retinoids) which come from animals and provitimin A (beta-carotene and other carotenoids) which comes from red and yellow fruits and vegetables such as carrots. Deficiency signs Poor vision, dry and scaly skin and reduced immune system. Food sources Liver Carrots Butter Sweet potatoes Red […]
June 17, 2018

Major Minerals

Major Minerals Guide to Major minerals Calcium What is it and why do you need it? Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and is important for healthy and strong teeth and bones. It is also required for blood clotting and nerve function. One of the best sources for calcium is lactose found in milk and other dairy products. If you are lactose intolerant you should still be able to have a couple of servings over a day. Another option is soya milk fortified with calcium. It is important that children get enough calcium to ensure proper growth. […]
June 17, 2018

Trace Minerals

Trace Minerals Guide to Trace Minerals Iron What is it and why do you need it? Iron in the body is essential for the delivery of oxygen to cells. It is an important component in the two main oxygen carrying proteins haemoglobin and myoglobin. Haemoglobin is important in red blood cells and carries oxygen and carbon dioxide throughout the body. Myoglobin is used in the muscles where it stores oxygen for physical exercise. Most iron comes from meat but for a vegetarian tofu is a rich source of iron. There are two types of iron found in food. Heam iron […]
June 17, 2018

Water Soluble Vitamins and Minerals

Water Soluble Vitamins and Minerals Your guide to water soluble vitamins and minerals Vitamin B1 Thiamin What is it and why do you need it? Vitamin B1 is needed to help the body release energy from macronutrients in food. It is also needed for fertility and helps maintain a healthy immune system. Absorption of vitamin B1 is increased with allium a substance which occurs in garlic and onion. Deficiency signs Lack of vitamin B1 (Thiamin) in your diet can cause poor concentration, irritability, depression and heart problems. If the deficiency is severe it can cause beri-beri.  Food sources Yeast extract […]